With a rich, natural history, Richmond has a plethora of historical buildings to explore in close proximity.
Founded by the Normans in 1071 the town grew up around the castle built on the ‘riche-mont’ or ‘strong-hill’ that gave the town its name and whose massive keep dominates all other buildings around. The first of all Richmonds, the Town was an important regional centre in the medieval period, when royal charters were granted giving rights to hold markets and fairs.
The Georgian era was one of great prosperity for the town, when many fine buildings were constructed, and one of the first gas works in Europe was built.
Many of the houses built at that time surround the cobbled market place, said to be one of the largest in England, with the Church of the Holy Trinity and the Obelisk rising from its centre.
Apartment One itself is housed within a grand Georgian townhouse providing sweeping views over the surrounding countryside. Built in 1822 Frenchgate House represents one of the finest examples of Georgian architecture in the area.
During the First World War several of the town’s larger houses were used as convalescent hospitals for the wounded. Both Frenchgate House and nearby Swale House were used as hospitals. Situated at the head of Frenchgate is Green Howards War Memorial. Green Howards Museum is located in the market place.
Surrounding Historical Buildings
Culloden Tower was built in 1746 by John Yorke, a Richmond MP and the architect is thought to have been Daniel Garrett. It was originally called the Cumberland Temple and was built to celebrate the victory of the Duke of Cumberland’s army over Prince Charles Edward Stuart at Culloden Moor in April of that year.
Easby Abbey (or the Abbey of St Agatha)
The impressive ruins of Easby Abbey lie in picturesque surroundings by the River Swale in North Yorkshire. Easby is one of the best preserved monasteries in Britain and the parish church, which is still in use, contains rare 13th century wall paintings.
Friary Tower & Gardens
The 15th century Tower, one of the town’s oldest monuments, dominates the Friary Memorial Gardens and holds a position of great importance in the history and development of the town.
Georgian Theatre Royal & Museum
The Grade I Listed playhouse is among the oldest of Britain’s existing theatres. Now fully restored it continues to be a thriving community playhouse. The Georgian Theatre museum was opened in 1979 and was the very first theatre museum in the Country.
This hidden gem, situated between Richmond and Northallerton, was built in 1620 by George Calvert, Secretary of State to James I and Founder of Maryland, USA. This intriguing house is now furnished as a comfortable Victorian home with 17 rooms, including the fascinating Travellers’ Bedroom, open to the public.
Standing in a prominent position overlooking the River Swale Richmond Castle dates back to 1071 and presents one of the finest examples of Norman buildings in Britain. Today the castle is in the care of English Heritage.
Castle Howard, York
At just over an hour away, Castle Howard represents one of the finest house and gardens in the country and is one not to be missed when visiting the North East. The 18th century building, designed by John Vanbrugh, is set within 1,000 acres of idyllic landscape, perfect for picnicking and playing. Visit www.castlehoward.co.uk for opening times and more information.
Visit www.richmond.org for further information on places to visit in the surrounding area.
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